Types Of Uterine Cancer Tumors

Types Of Uterine Cancer Tumors

Every uterine cancer patient is different. The cancer experts at Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) have extensive experience in properly staging and diagnosing the disease, and developing a treatment plan that’s tailored to your specific type of Uterine cancer.

Cancer is one of the most deadly and potentially life threatening diseases among many others today. Though rapid advancements and developments in medicine, science and technology have caused the invention of new drugs, instruments and easier, possibly minimally invasive methods to treat cancer, it still remains one of the major causes of death around the world.

Uterine cancer, accounting for 4.5% cancer deaths around the world, is a serious condition of the uterus, occurring mostly in women after the age of 40. Uterine cancer is also known as endometrial cancer and the tumors originating in the uterus may have different names, depending upon their nature and their occurrence in the uterus. Read below to find out more about how uterine cancer tumors can affect the health and how it can be treated.

Uterine cancer symptoms

When present, common uterine cancer symptoms

  • Vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pelvic pain or pressure

Types of Uterine Cancer Tumors

Endometrial cancer

The most common type of womb cancer is endometrial cancer. Endometrial means that the cancer starts in the lining of the womb. This lining is called the endometrium.

About 95 out of every 100 endometrial cancers (95%) are adenocarcinomas.

Adeno means that the cells that have become cancerous are the cells of glandular tissue. So for the most common type of womb cancer, the cancer is in the glands of the endometrium. Carcinoma means that the cancer has started in a surface or lining layer of cells (the epithelium).

Uterine Sarcomas

These are cancers that develop from cells in the muscle layer of the womb, rather than the lining. They are a type of soft tissue sarcoma and are much less common than endometrial cancer.

Soft tissue sarcomas are cancers of the supporting tissues of the body. There are many subtypes and they can develop from muscle or blood vessels, for example. They tend to spread in the bloodstream to other parts of the body especially the lungs. Their treatments are different to the other types of womb cancers. Leiomyosarcoma is the most common sarcoma of the womb. It is a cancer of the muscle wall.

These include sarcomas of the myometrium (outer layer of the uterus). The myometrium is the outer muscular layer of the uterus, and cancerous tumors within these account for 11% of cancer deaths.

Risk Factors for Uterine Cancer

Women who have crossed their menopausal period and elderly women are more likely to fall prey to endometrial cancers, according to recent studies. These studies also reveal that this cancer is more than 70% hormone sensitive; meaning the growth and spread of this cancer is largely dependent on hormonal fluctuations. Cervical carcinomas are common among patients who have chronic conditions and addictions like excessive smoking, chronic genital infections and immunodeficiency for over a period of time.

Treatment Modes

Chemotherapy, radiation and surgery are among the most popular treatment modes for all types of uterine cancer tumors. Natural healing techniques can prove to be beneficial too. However, the mode of action is dependent on the nature of the tumor.

Mostly, cancers affect the nearby organs and hamper their functioning. They may also metastasize (spread) to other areas through different body fluids. They invade healthy tissues and live on a constant supply of blood. Stopping the blood supply to the tumor is the first mode of action usually carried out. Surgery is recommended for those who fail to respond to drugs and to whom major therapies have proved to be ineffective. Also, large tumors may need to be removed by surgeries only.