Leg cramp is a condition where a muscle of the leg suddenly gets contracted and the person affected feels a sharp shooting pain which lasts for few minutes. Though cramp is not a serious health issue but it is certainly very painful. Leg cramps are commonly considered to be a symptom of magnesium and calcium deficiency and an imbalance of calcium and phosphorous.
Anyone can have leg cramps, but elderly people are most affected by this condition. Some of the other underlying causes that are held responsible for leg cramps include dehydration, weak muscles, muscle fatigue due to overexertion, fluid imbalance, low blood supply and nerve abnormalities.
There are some effective home remedies to get rid of leg cramps that often strike at inappropriate times like while playing sports, while dancing or during swimming and can even wake you up from a deep sleep. The most common muscles that get affected by leg cramps are hamstrings, calf and quadriceps. The following home remedies can provide relief from leg cramps and prevent its frequent occurrence by curing the root cause of the problem.
Home Remedies for Leg Cramps
Apple Cider Vinegar
Being high in potassium, raw and unfiltered apple cider vinegar helps relieve muscle cramps. Low potassium is one of the common causes of frequent muscle cramps. Plus,there are several nutrients in apple cider vinegar that help control the fluid balance in the body, thus preventing dehydration.Mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of warm water. Drink this tonic once daily to prevent muscle cramps.
The moment leg cramps occur, rub the area quickly for immediate relief. Also try to stretch your leg towards the ceiling and then downward if you are on the bed. Repeat this process a number of times.After stretching, keep your leg in the same position for some time. If you are in standing position, push your heel towards the floor and bend the toes in upward direction. You can also try to walk around with the cramped leg. Soon the cramp will be gone.
Bed Time Measures
Taking a hot shower at bed time and drinking a glass of warm milk are few simple remedies that you can follow to get relief from leg cramps. Hot shower bath will relax the strained muscles and improve your blood circulation. In the same way, milk will help to maintain proper mineral balance, make your muscles flexible and prevent cramps.
To prevent leg cramps, massaging your legs, especially the part where you often experience leg cramps, with essential oils like eucalyptus oil, lavender oil or rosemary oil can be very helpful.After massaging, wrapping your leg with a warm towel will stop the recurrence of leg cramps.
Prepare chamomile tea by boiling a cup of water and add two to three teaspoons of chamomile flower or chamomile powder in it. Allow the flowers to steep for few minutes, strain and add a teaspoon of honey in the tea and drink when it is still warm. Drink chamomile tea three-four times a day for 10-15 days. Drinking chamomile tea will help to cure the problem of leg cramps from the root by treating the triggers like electrolytic imbalance, poor blood circulation and weak muscle that causes leg cramps. Red raspberry tea can also help to cure the problem of leg cramps as it works in the same way as chamomile tea.
Simple At Home Exercises
For getting relief from leg cramps, pull your toes upwards towards your knee caps. Slowly put weight on the leg with the cramp and try to walk. Another way is to stand on your heels on the floor and try to lift the toes upwards. If you are lying on your bed, lie down straight on your back, face the roof and stretch your legs. Remain in the same position as long as you can. Practicing these exercises will gradually cure the occurrence of leg cramps.
hot compress to the extremity.
A hot water bottle or electric heating pad could relax and loosen up the muscle, easing the cramps. Just be sure not to fall asleep with an electric heating pad on if you choose to use one.If you both have a heating pad, try massaging a generous amount of VapoRub into the cramp area. Eventually, the cooling effect should kick in and relieve the cramp.
If you are already taking calcium supplements every day, but you still have cramps and spasms, you probably need to switch supplements. There are hundreds of calcium supplements on the market, but the ones that are most useful to your body contain other elements along with calcium. Look for a product that contains the digestive acid betaine hydrochloride, magnesium, and vitamin D. Each of these will help increase the amount of calcium you assimilate into your system.