Diabetic retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina, the thin, light-sensitive inner lining in the back of your eye. These changes are called diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy (retinal damage), also commonly known as diabetic blindness, is one of the few complications affecting diabetic patients, eventually leading to loss of vision. The fragile blood vessels of the eye may leak, leading to partial or complete loss of vision, sometimes reversible.
With diabetic blindness being among the topmost causes of loss of vision among millions worldwide, and being asymptomatic in nature, it is important to treat retinopathy in the earliest sage itself, t prevent further progression and complete irreversible loss of vision. Listed below are some common ways to treat diabetic blindness.
Best Treatment For Diabetic Retinopathy
The most important part of your treatment is to keep your diabetes under control.In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, controlling your diabetes can help prevent vision problems developing.
In the more advanced stages, when your vision is affected or at risk, keeping your diabetes under control can help stop the condition getting worse.
Injection of corticosteroids and anti VEGF into the eyes though does not completely cure diabetic retinopathy, but it does help slower down the progression of the condition. They help reduce fluid leakage and stop the growth of new blood vessels that may cause blindness.
Vitrectomy is a technique particularly helpful for people having blood leakage in the center of the eye. It is carried out under local or general anesthesia, where a tiny incision is made in the center of the eye.
After this, the vitreous gel in the center of the eye, that is clouded with blood, is removed and replaced with a salt solution having similar pH and density as that of the vitreous gel. You may need to wear and eye patch post operation to avoid sensitivity and infections.Some pain, swelling and redness may also be experienced, but can be controlled using eye drops.
Scatter And Focal Laser Treatment
There exist two types of laser treatment to treat diabetic blindness namely scatter laser treatment and focal laser treatment. Both these techniques are almost equally effective, but their success largely depends on the skill of the ophthalmologist and the nature of your condition.
During this procedure, your surgeon will first dilate your pupils and drench the eye with a solution aimed at numbing the eye to relieve any possible discomfort and pain during the process.
The surgeon will then hold a special lens to your eye before carrying out the exposure to the lasers. During the process, you may see flashes of light and may experience minor discomfort and stinging sensations. Post treatment, you may need to wear sunglasses and take optimum rest.
Generally used for the treatment of early stages of proliferative diabetic retinopathy, laser photocoagulation makes use of modified grids that also help in treating macular edema. This helps the destruction of abnormal blood vessels of the retina.
Making certain lifestyle modifications also considerably slower down the progression of this disease. Avoid tobacco consumption and alcohol addictions.
Constantly monitoring the condition vigilantly and trying to achieve euglycemia is one of the best ways to stop diabetic blindness right in its tracks. Hypertension also plays a huge role in worsening the condition. Managing blood pressure and modifying diet also shows positive effects.
Recent clinical trials have lead to the emergence of a variety of new treatment options for this condition. For example, eye damage can be reduced and visual activity can be maintained by using pine bark extract.