Symptoms of Vitamin K Deficiency

Symptoms of Vitamin K Deficiency

Most health resources will tell you that the usual symptoms of vitamin K deficiency are problems with blood clotting, gum bleeding, gastrointestinal tract bleeding and heavy menstruation for women.Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin crucial for many body functions. There are two forms of natural vitamin K – vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. While vitamin K 1is obtained from our diet, vitamin K2 is produced in the large intestine by the healthy bacteria. Vitamin K deficiency is very rare in adults though it is sometimes seen in infants as their bodies are not able to make this vitamin and their diet also lacks this vitamin.
The daily recommended dose of vitamin K is 90mcg/day. People who lack in this vitamin can be given shots of synthetic vitamin K or oral pills, depending upon the severity of the disease. Vitamin K occurs naturally in spinach, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, onions, whole wheat bread, turnips, etc.So while it’s rare to be vitamin-K deficient, it is still possible. Here are 5 vitamin k deficiency symptoms:

Vitamin K Deficiency Symptoms


A deficiency in vitamin K could result in a disruption in your body’s ability to form blood clots. As a result, you are at risk for excessive bleeding. Symptoms of this Bruising is also a sign of blood clotting problems. which include, bleeding in gums, nose bleeds, easy bruising and heavy menstrual bleeding. Sometimes, this deficiency can also lead to bleeding in digestive tract and blood in urine.

Weak Bones

Vitamin K plays a very important role in maintaining bone density as it helps the bones in their function of absorbing calcium. Your bones require vitamin K in order to use calcium properly. This is important because calcium helps build and maintain the strength and integrity of your bones. A greater level of vitamin K in your body is associated with a greater bone density, while a lower level is associated with osteoporosis. Osteoporosis, which is a bone disorder characterized by weakened bones, can put a person at increased risk for fractures and falls.

Hardening Of Heart Walls And Arteries

Vitamin K2 may be one of the most overlooked strategies to decrease your risk of heart disease.  Based on the Rotterdam Study of 4,807 people, those with the highest dietary intake of vitamin K2 had a 57% lower risk of heart disease.Deficiency of this vital vitamin leads to excessive deposition of calcium in soft tissues. Sometimes, due to calcification, the walls of the heart get hardened which affects the cardiovascular system of the body and can lead to serious health problems

Health Problems In New Born Babies

A deficiency of vitamin K can result in malformation in the fetus like malformed limbs, underdeveloped ears, nose and other facial features. Vitamin K plays a crucial role in overall development of a fetus and hence eating foods high in vitamin K is very important for pregnant women.

Food Sources

To meet your vitamin K recommended daily intake, you can find this vitamin in a supplement or in many foods. Consult your doctor about whether a supplement could benefit you. Good dietary sources include green, leafy vegetables such as kale, turnip greens, broccoli, dark green lettuce, asparagus, cabbage, and spinach. The green color in these plant sources is due to the presence of chlorophyll, and this is the substance that supplies vitamin K.

Other Symptoms

Patients suffering from vitamin K deficiency are at the risk of developing some other diseases like cystic fibrosis due to pancreatic insufficiency, anemia caused by excessive bleeding, biliary obstruction, resection of the small intestine, etc. Vitamin K deficiency can be avoided by eating foods rich in vitamin K like leafy greens, eggs, oils like soyabean, cottonseed, olive, etc. The doctor prescribes oral pills or shots for those people who are affected with vitamin K deficiency.

Any medication meant to recover from vitamin K deficiency must be taken under medical supervision as its overdose can cause some serious complications. Vitamin K taken in natural form through foods does not go toxic but overdose of synthetic vitamin K can cause problems for your health as it gets toxic in the body.