A hernia is a bulge caused by tissue pushing through the wall of muscle that’s holding it in. Most hernias are abdominal hernias. This means they happen in the belly and groin areas.
Hernias are caused when any bodily organ protrudes and extends into other areas of the human body. All of these organs are normally present within their boundaries but when a herniation takes place, they break through those boundaries and enter the areas where other organs are located.
Due to this protrusion, the affected person suffers a great deal of discomfort and pain. This is mainly because the protruded organ exerts a great deal of pressure on the nearby organs and causes them to become very inflamed and tender. The affected area of the body often has a very prominent bulge which is due to the presence of the protruding organ. Hernias can be quite painful and can hinder the movement of the affected person to a great extent. This is why it is important to detect them in their early stages.
Prompt treatment brings a great deal of relief to the patient. There are various kinds of hernias which affect different parts of the body. It is important to be able to recognise the kind of hernia you might be suffering from, in order to get the right treatment.
Five Common Types Of Hernia
Hiatal hernias are slightly different from other types of hernias because they are a weakness or opening in the diaphragm, which is the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. These hernias cause reflux of acid from the stomach into the esophagus, which can lead to heartburn, pain, and erosion of the esophagus. Surgery to repair this type of hernia is usually more complicated and may require a longer hospital stay.
As the name suggests, this kind of hernia affects the diaphragm which is present just below the lungs of the person. In this case, parts of the intestine become herniated and they extend through the diaphragm. This happens when there is any weak spot in the diaphragm. Such a hernia is capable of causing tremendous discomfort to the patient.
Epigastric hernias are more common in men than in women. They occur due to a weakness, gap, or opening in the muscles or tendons of the upper abdominal wall, on a line between the breast bone and the navel or umbilicus.
This kind of hernia occurs when a there is a protrusion where the abdominal wall and umbilical cord meet. Umbilical hernias are not very common and mostly affect women who are pregnant.
Women who are overweight can also suffer from an umbilical hernia. The cases of this kind of hernia are very few and such cases are also not very severe. The affected person needs to rest till the hernia heals up.
Such a hernia is caused when any kind of surgical procedure has not been done properly. These hernias are very common and can be rather painful for the patient. This is because they take very long to heal and require several weeks of total rest.
Inguinal hernias are extremely common and affect people of all age-groups. Most cases of such hernias take place in the groin area and the abdominal cavity. They occur when an organ in these areas bulges and becomes a prominent mass.
Inguinal hernias normally require medication and adequate rest as this helps them to heal at a steady rate. Most cases of inguinal hernias are not very painful although they do cause a great deal of discomfort while moving around.
These hernias are very similar to inguinal hernias in many ways. They are known to affect more women than men. They are characterized by the presence of rounded protrusions on the herniated organs. People who are suffering from such hernias need to rest the affected area till it heals completely.