Rosacea Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Rosacea Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

A skin condition that mostly affects the face and neck, acne rosacea gets its name from the fact that it is similar to acne and can be easily mistaken for the same, except for a few unique symptoms that distinguish it from normal acne. Acne rosacea can cause issues like red spots or flushes on the face, thick facial skin, sore eye lids, and dry eyes etc. In certain rare cases, acne rosacea can also affect the cornea and cause eye pain and visual impairment.

Common Causes for Acne Rosacea.

The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it could be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene.
A number of factors can trigger or aggravate rosacea by increasing blood flow to the surface of your skin.

Light skin color

A much higher percentage of people with fair skin develop rosacea compared to other people.

Abnormalities in facial blood vessels

Skin specialists (dermatologists) suggest that a major factor is probably abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face, which cause the flushing, persistent redness and visible blood vessels. What causes the inflammation of the blood vessels is still a mystery.

Common Symptoms of Acne Rosacea

Facial skin hyper-reactivity

Sensitive blood vessels dilate very easily to topical triggers (touch), and some other physical stimuli, such as sunlight. Many mistakenly refer to this as “sensitive skin”, but with rosacea it is sensitive blood vessels and not sensitive skin cells which cause this.

Acne Rosacea is most concentrated on the cheeks, nose, mouth, chin, cheeks, neck and head etc. with almost all the symptoms occurring in and around these areas. In fact the occurrence of these symptoms on the other parts of the body like the chest, arms or back etc. is extremely rare

Sudden Facial Flushes

This would easily be one of the earliest and most prominent signs of acne rosace in individuals. A deep red flush would start appearing on the face at frequent intervals. The symptom would look as if you were blushing.

Redness on the face

Resembling sun burns, this symptom is also called as erythema and can show up on the face and necks. Visible Blood Vessels Also called as Telangiectasia, this symptom of acne rosacea would involve the blood vessels under the skin showing up clearly on the face and neck.

Persistent redness

Sometimes the flushing episodes may eventually be followed by bouts of persistent facial redness. The redness, like a patch of sunburnmay not go away. This occurs because hundreds of tiny blood vessels near the surface of the facial skin dilate (expand).

Appearance of Papules and Pustules

As in the case ofnormal acne, acne rosacea can also cause pustules (cysts) and papules (red spots) to develop on the face at regular intervals. These marks can remain on the face for long intervals unlike acne though, and can possible require treatment to disappear.

Skin Thickening

This particular symptom of acne rosacea is characterized by bumps appearing on the skin on the face. Parts of the face swell up to give the impression of thick skin. A common example of this condition is Rhinophyma where the nose appears bumpy and bulbous.

Burning Sensation

In certain cases, an individual with acne rosacea can feel an itchiness or burning sensation all over the affected area. This symptom is rare but could occur if the individual in question has sensitive skin.

Enlarged nose

Rarely, rosacea can thicken the skin on the nose, causing the nose to appear bulbous (rhinophyma). This occurs more often in men than in women.

Eye Related Issues

A certain form of acne rosacea called ocular rosacea can affect the eyes and cause a series of issues like itchiness, burning sensation, dryness, eye pain, increased sensitivity, cysts on the eyelids, eyelid inflammation, vision impairment and cornea infection etc.

Treatments for Acne Rosacea

There is no definite treatment that wouldbanish acne rosacea forever. Nor is there a way you can prevent its occurrence. The only best option would be to opt for certain remedies and treatments that can ease the severity of the symptoms. Accordingly, here are some of the more common remedies and treatments offered for acne rosacea

Topical medications

these help reduce inflammation and redness and are applied to the skin either once or twice a day. They are commonly used in combination with some oral medications. Antibiotics (metronidazole), tretinoin, benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid are examples of commonly prescribed topical medications.

Natural Remedies for Acne Rosacea

The symptoms of acne rosacea can be curbed effectively with the help of natural remedies. Some of the remedies that need to be applied topically over the affected area to reduce the symptoms include green tea cream, licorice cream, chrysanthellum indicum cream, niacinamide cream, and azelaic acid cream etc. Other options include aloe, burdock, rose hips and betaine hydrochloride etc. Make sure you get these remedies (and your condition) checked out by a health practitioner before opting for them though. Some natural, oral remedies that can help treat the symptoms of acne rosacea include vitamin B supplements, apple cider vinegar, red clover, chamomile, selenium supplements, and zinc supplements etc.

Antibiotics for Acne Rosacea

Severe cases of acne rosacea can be treated using antibiotics which would work fervently to reduce the effects of the symptoms. Accordingly, two antibiotics commonly used to treat acne rosacea symptoms include tetracyclines (including oxytetracycline, lymecycline, doxycycline and minocycline) and erythromycin.   Another strong antibiotic that definitely needs to be supervised by a health practitioner is Isotretinoin which can effectively curb the symptoms of acne rosacea but can cause a lot of side effects in the body if not administered properly.

Surgery to treat Acne Rosacea

In certain cases, it would require a minor surgery to treat the symptoms of acne rosacea. For instance, acne rosacea can cause a condition called Rhinophyma which would affect the nose. In some cases, the symptoms would be so severe that it could damage the skin and tissue on the nose, possibly causing permanent disfigurement. In this case, the individual in question would need to opt for plastic surgery to correct the issue and reconstruct his/her nose again. However, recent breakthroughs in the field of medicine assure that there are other ways to treat rhinophyma without necessarily going under the knife for the same. Accordingly, individuals who do not want to opt for plastic surgery to correct their nose could opt for a procedure like dermabrasion with the help of a carbon dioxide laser beam.

Laser/Intense Pulsed Light Treatment for Acne Rosacea

Certain symptoms of acne rosacea like flushing, redness and telangiectasias etc. can be effectively treated using Intense Pulsed Light or vascular laser treatment. In both these cases, a narrow beam of light is shown at the dilated blood vessels on the skin surface. The heat from the laser beam would drain the blood vessels and shrink them, thereby reducing their visibility on the skin surface. This in turn would cause the redness (and flushing) to recede. The treatments are done with utmost care and do not cause any issues to the surrounding nerves and tissues on the face. Certain side effects like bruising, swelling, redness, crusting, blisters or infections would usually disappear in a day or two or with the help of antibiotics.