The feet easily happen to be the most neglected parts of the body. While individuals tend to take extra measures to make sure that the other parts of their body remain healthy and beautiful, they forget to take proper care of their feet which with time start developing problems of their own.
Given below are some common foot problems that can occur if you don’t take proper care of your feet. We have also added some tips to get rid of these issues and so if you are already experiencing any of these foot problems, you can follow the tips to treat the same effectively.
Many things can cause foot pain and injury. The repetitive way in which our feet and legs move is very important. Podiatrists assess abnormalities in foot and leg movement – as well as techniques, surfaces and footwear – when diagnosing causes and prescribing treatments for foot and leg pain.
How To Diagnose Common Foot Problems
Ingrown Toe Nails
If you cut you toenails incorrectly or wear shoes that are too tight for your feet, you would probably end up with ingrown toe nails.
This issue is characterized with the toe nails digging into the skin and flesh around them, causing infections in the long run.
Ingrown toe nails can be treated effectively by soaking the feet in lukewarm water and then applying antiseptic to the affected area. A doctor’s advice is recommended in the case of red, inflamed or painful toes.
Tinea is a contagious fungal infection of the skin. It is easy to catch and is often picked up in public areas, such as communal showers. It usually develops between the toes and along the arch of the foot. The skin can change in appearance, becoming red, moist and itchy, and sometimes developing small blisters.
Treatments for tinea include:Anti-fungal creams available from a pharmacistAsking a podiatrist for advice.
Generally a hereditary condition that is characterized by the joint of the big toe angling out (the bone sticks out of the side of the foot), bunions can also be caused by wearing tight, pointy toed shoes or high heels (in the case of women).
The best possible remedy for bunions is surgery although doctors advise against it in the case that the bunion is not painful. However, wearing shoes that fit your feet properly and have ample room for the toes can help you take care of bunions. You can also wear low heel shoes and opt for protective bunion cushions for relief from the issue.
Bunions are a foot deformity in which the first joint of the big toe becomes prominent because the big toe leans inwards. The joint is easily inflamed by pressure and can be very painful.
Wearing shoes that fit properly and do not have a high heelAsking a podiatrist for adviceSurgery in some cases.
Extremely painful issues to take care of in most cases, hammer toes are caused when the toes in the feet scrunch back to attain a claw like position, with the worst case scenario being the permanent deformation of the feet.
Hammer toes are usually caused by wearing tight shoes that do not have enough room for the toes, thus squeezing them together. Muscle imbalance, hereditary traits or trauma are also common causes for hammer toes.
Although surgery is the best option to get rid of hammer toes, you can get relief from the pain that accompanies the issue by opting to wear shoes that contain round or square toe boxes in addition to being roomy enough to accommodate the entire foot comfortably. You can also opt for protective padding or shoe inserts to get relief from the issue as well.
Characterized by a bony deformity on the back of the heel, pump bump is also called as Haglund’s deformity and is usually caused due to stiff shoes that place extra pressure on the heel bone.
This issue usually leads to the inflammation of the heel, causing pain and extreme discomfort.
Avoid stiff shoes (especially those with stiff backs) and opt for shoes with heel lifts instead. This would help remove pressure from the heel. You can treat the inflammation by applying ice on the area, taking appropriate medication and refraining from activities that could place pressure on the affected area.
Caused by viruses that enter the body via the abrasions in the foot, plantar warts are itchy warts that develop beneath the foot and cause extreme discomfort while walking.
Avoid walking barefoot as this may aggravate the warts in addition to spreading the infection to others in the house. Use flip flops or cut shoes inside the house and opt for padded footwear outside.
The best way to remove these warts would be to opt for laser treatment, the freeze technique (the warts are frozen and removed), acid treatment or surgery.