Using chemical solution to improve the texture of the skin on face and repair the damaged outer layer is known as chemical face peel. The new skin when formed is smoother and has fewer wrinkles and is even in color. This is particularly helpful for those who suffer from wrinkles, facial blemishes and pigmentation.
Several kinds of acidic solutions are used in the chemical peel. The most popular ones are AHAs (Alpha hydroxyl acids), TCA (trichloroacetic acids) and phenol. The AHA peels provide a smooth, bright looking skin and are meant for people who are in a hurry. The Phenol or TCA peels when used need recovery time. TCA is utilized for medium-depth peeling for fine wrinkles, blemishes and pigmentation problems.
types of chemical peels
Superficial or lunchtime peel
Alpha-hydroxy acid or another mild acid is used to penetrate only the outer layer of skin to gently exfoliate it. The treatment is used to improve the appearance of mild skin discoloration and rough skin as well as to refresh the face, neck, chest or hands
Glycolic or trichloroacetic acid is applied to penetrate the out and middle layers of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to improve age spots, fine lines and wrinkles, freckles and moderate skin discoloration. It also can be used to smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths, i.e. actinic keratosis
Tricholoracetic acid or phenol is applied to deeply penetrate the middle layer of skin to remove damaged skin cells. The treatment removes moderate lines, age spots, freckles and shallow scars. Patients will see a dramatic improvement in skin appearance. The procedure is used on the face and only can be performed once.
This peel produces radiant younger looking skin.
- Stronger peels are effective in treating extreme wrinkling caused by excessive exposure to sun light.
- Removes stretch marks effectively.
- Clean out blackheads and whiteheads.
- Can be used to treat brown spots and freckles.
- Pigmentation too can be prevented by using chemical peels.
- Blemished skin which is dead and dry in texture and color can be improved.
Effects of chemical face peel
Initially the skin may react to the chemical substances and cause flaking and scaling or dryness and redness. The conditions would normally disappear as the treatment continues and the skin gets adjusted .
Skin feels taut like it is exposed to sunlight or harsh winds for some time. Some skins may peel on the outer layer. Moisturizing the skin with suitable cream and using sunscreen lotions while going outside should take care of this problem.
Using stronger peels makes the skin lose pigment. Hence protection against sun will become a necessity.
Before undergoing the treatment, one should understand that chemical peeling will not help remove deep scars. The treatment session lasts for about 30-45 minutes.
There is quick recovery and it causes less discomfort. The chemical peel method of treatment is costlier and depends on the area that needs treatment.
It is always advisable to consult a der
matologist before trying this treatment to avod any untoward incidents.