What is Liposculpture?
Neck contouring creates a firmer, smoother and more refined appearance to the neck and chin. Even without making any other changes to the face, improving a thick, wrinkled or sagging neck can dramatically improve a one’s appearance, helping a patient look years younger or even as though he or she has lost weight. Neck contouring can also help restore balance to facial features by providing a better defined jawline that frames the rest of the face.
Prerequisites for Neck Liposuction
Anyone can opt for neck liposuction. The procedure is not restricted to general constraints like age or sex. However, it has to be noted that neck liposuction would not provide the same results in young and old individuals alike. Older individuals may not get the same (effective) results as younger patients due to reduced skin elasticity and rejuvenation capacity, factors that are prevalent in aged individuals.
Candidates opting for neck liposuction should be healthy and stable, both physically and psychologically. They should have realistic expectations on the procedure and the results obtained from it. Candidates with firm (but elastic) skin are more preferred for the procedure as firm skin can heal faster.
Individuals with medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, reduced blood circulation and lung disease etc. are not considered for the procedure (although the doctor may make an exception for a few cases). Individuals who have had repeated surgery in the same area would also need to avoid opting for neck liposuction.
Neck Lift Surgery
If you are bothered by sagging, loose skin on your neck, then a neck lift surgery procedure, may provide a solution. You may hear neck lift surgery referred to as cervicoplasty (to remove excess skin) or platysmaplasty (to tighten loose neck muscles). Cosmetic surgeons will perform one or both of these procedures to tighten loose neck muscles and remove excess, sagging skin, restoring a smoother, firmer, and better defined appearance to the neck.
A neck lift procedure is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under general anesthesia or intravenous sedation. Your cosmetic surgeon will make a small incision behind each ear, and depending on your needs may also make a third small incision underneath the the chin. Through these incisions, he or she will tighten the neck muscles and/or underlying tissues and remove excess, sagging skin to restore a smoother, firmer, and more youthful appearance to the neck.Recovery time after a neck lift will depend on the individual, as well as the extent of surgery. Typically, patients return to daily activities, including a return to work, within 2 weeks after surgery. Expect your neck to feel tight for a few weeks, and know that bruising and swelling are normal. These effects should subside gradually, with visible bruising typically gone after the first week, and that “tight” feeling remaining for up to several months. Your cosmetic surgeon will provide you with detailed instructions for recovery and aftercare
The Procedure involved in a Neck Liposuction
Before a neck liposuction, the individual in question would either be given local, intravenous or regional anesthetic. The method of sedation would depend on the amount of fat that needs to be removed from the chin and neck areas. If the area that needs to be operated on in small, local or intravenous anesthesia would do. Regional anesthesia is usually opted for larger areas (including the jaw, chin and neck areas) and for extensive procedures.
A neck liposuction surgery would start with the doctor making a small incision near the area that needs to be reduced. A cannula (a narrow tube) is then inserted deep under the skin via the incision. When it comes in contact with the fat deposits under the skin, the cannula starts breaking the fat cells (the doctor would push and pull the cannula through the fatty deposits multiple times to achieve the same). A large syringe or vacuum attached to the other end of the cannula is then used to suction out these broken cells. The doctor would repeat the same procedure until the required amount of fat is removed from beneath the skin. The incision is then closed and bandaged.
Post a neck liposuction surgery, the doctor would leave a tiny tube underneath the skin (inserted via the incision) to remove excess fluid that might otherwise build up beneath the skin. The skin in and around the operated areas would tend to sag after the removal of fat. To prevent this, the doctor would recommend the individual to wear a tight elastic garment over the operated area.
This would enable the skin to settle down in the new contours. The garment would also prevent swelling and would need to be worn for about a few weeks after the surgery. Antibiotics are usually prescribed for pain control and possible infections.
Potential Risks associated with Neck Liposuction
Individuals opting for neck liposuction would need to be extremely realistic about the results and cannot expect to see fruitful results within a few days after the surgery. And the procedure would most likely cause some risks that are usually associated with any kind of surgery.
Accordingly, the potential risks involved in neck liposuction include post surgical pain, swelling, numbness, soreness, stiffness, burning sensation and bleeding etc. Chances of fluid buildup beneath the skin are high in cases where the drainage tube is not properly inserted into the skin after the surgery. Neck liposuction can cause scars that can thicken with time. The skin around the operated area may fail to settle and end up looking baggy or irregular (which may require another surgery to correct). Skin discoloration can also occur in and around the operated areas.
Infections are common in any kind of surgery, including neck liposuction. Delayed healing and excessive fluid loss (leading to shock) are also potential risks when it comes to neck liposuction. In certain cases, blood or fat clots may form in and around the surgical site and may move towards the vital organs (like the lungs) via the bloodstream, resulting in severe complications (possibly even death). Potential damage to the underlying nerves is also possible during neck liposuction. And some individuals would tend to develop unfavorable side reactions to the drugs administered during or after the surgery.
Healing after a Neck Liposuction Surgery
The healing process would usually take anywhere between a few weeks to 6 months or more during which the individual in question would need to opt for routine checkups to monitor progress and spot any issues earlier on. The stitches would usually dissolve automatically within a few days after the surgery failing which the doctor would remove them during a follow up visit.
The individual is usually asked to refrain from engaging in any kind of strenuous activity that would place excess pressure on the operated areas. An immediate visit to the doctor is recommended in cases where the individual notices symptoms like sudden pain, swelling and bleeding in and around the surgical site.