Usually ovarian cysts do not produce symptoms, and are found during a routine physical exam. They also may be seen as an incidental finding on an ultrasound performed for other reasons. However, symptoms can be present, especially with large cysts or ruptured cysts.Ovaries are a crucial part of female reproductive system. Ovaries are located in the lower section of the abdomen. There are two ovaries in the female reproductive system which produces important hormones progesterone, estrogen and eggs – all of which are important for reproduction. However, at times a sac is developed, filled with fluid on any one of the ovaries – this is known as a cyst. Cysts are quite common and many women develop cysts during their lifetime; some of these are harmful while most are not. These are generally painless and without any symptoms.
Causes of ovarian cysts
Follicular cysts are the most common type of ovarian cyst. A female human has two ovaries, small round organs which release an egg every month. The egg moves into the uterus (womb), where it can be fertilized by a male sperm. The egg is formed in the follicle, which contains fluid to protect the growing egg. When the egg is released, the follicle bursts.
In some cases, the follicle either does not shed its fluid and shrink after releasing the egg, or does not release an egg. The follicle swells with fluid, becoming a follicular ovarian cyst. Typically, one cyst appears at any one time and normally goes away within a few weeks (without treatment
These cysts develop as a result of endometriosis, a condition in which uterine endometrial cells grow outside your uterus. Some of that tissue may attach to your ovary and form a growth.
Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large, causing the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion.
Luteal ovarian cysts
These are much less common. After the egg has been released it leaves tissue behind (corpus luteum). Luteal cysts can develop when the corpus luteum fills with blood. In most cases, this type of cyst goes away within a few months. However, it may sometimes split (rupture), causing sudden pain and internal bleeding.
Signs And Symptoms Of Ovary Cysts
Ovary cyst causes abdomen heaviness and fullness. There is a feeling of bloating, frequent indigestion problems, the feeling of fullness even after having very little food, flatulence related issues and an increased urge to visit the toilet again and again.
These were the common symptoms of ovarian cysts experienced by women but it is not restricted to these symptoms only. Symptoms may vary as per conditions.
Difficulty And Pain During Bowel
Ovarian cyst can cause difficult in bowel movement. It caused mild to severe pain or pressure on bowels every time. There is a constant heaviness in the abdomen and a constant urge to relieve herself due to the existing cyst.
Even if the cyst size is small, it can cause pressure on the bladder. This causes the lady to urinate frequently or she experiences slight difficulty while emptying her bladder. There is a lingering urge to urinate often.