Nanotechnology – An Evolving Career Option

Nanotechnology – An Evolving Career Option


‘Nanotechnology’ is the future of technology and the most exciting area of research that promises to unleash the greatest technological advancement of the century. In general, nanotechnology is the science of miniaturization that is associated with creating and scrutinizing objects of very small size.

The technology promises to bring in technological evolution in almost all fields of engineering that include industrial, aerospace, and molecular technology, to name a few. ‘Nano’ or nanometer (nm) is the measuring unit for small particles at the level of molecules and atoms. Such nano-materials are transparent and light in weight, but are very strong and aggressive in nature. Upon mixing with other weaker material, nano-materials transforms them into over 1000 times stronger and far more efficient. Some of the examples of nano-material include diamond and carbon.

Nanotechnology is a branch of science that effectively combines chemistry, physics, engineering and biology, and thereby unleashes the true potential in a material. Some of the current applications of nanotechnology include manufacturing microprocessors wherein millions of small transistors are placed in a distance of just a square inch, and in various other mechanical devices that involve molecular level manufacturing.

Any kind of research in nanotechnology involve huge amount of money and infrastructure. That’s the reason, major research and installation projects on nanotechnology remained only in the developed countries, such as the US, Western Europe and Japan. But lately, the emerging and developing countries have joined the bandwagon and are moving ahead with firm support from their respective governments. Keeping in mind the unprecedented scope and its ability to transform key industrial processes, various governments have come up with their future action plans and have made nanotechnology as the top most priority in the area of research. Although, nanotechnology still remain more or less in its infancy, the technology holds huge promises to bring in revolution in the field of healthcare, electronics, nano-scale technologies, and molecular engineering, among others.

Primary eligibility to enter a career in nanotechnology includes a master’s degree or post graduation in any subject in nanotechnology. Being a field of hardcore research, the person should have flair for nano-particle structures with strong background in chemistry and physics. Analytical skills with natural inclination towards research are imperative. Some of the key end use application areas of investigation for nanotechnology include medical science, electronics, environment, bioscience, and security, among others.

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