If you havegestational diabetes, your practitioner has probably already told you that you’ll have to pay extra attention to your diet. Not sure how to best go about that? It’ll help to talk to a certified diabetes educator (CDE) who has experience in gestational diabetes and who will be able to show you how to select the right foods and design the best eating plan for your needs.
Gestational diabetes, if not treated can cause birth defects in the baby. The baby may suffer from jaundice, she/he may grow larger than normal or the new born can suffer from diabetic shock. Pregnant women also may suffer from urinary tract infection and can fall victim to Type 2 diabetes in future, if gestational diabetes is not checked in time.
Generally patients suffering from gestational diabetes do not need insulin to control the blood sugar level; it can be maintained within normal range by eating a proper diet. You can consult your dietician and get a proper diet plan for gestational diabetes.
If you have recently been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, or are curious about what will happen if you are diagnosed with it, keep reading to learn more about maintaining a healthy pregnancy.
Diet For Gestational Diabetes
Eat Whole Grains
Enrich your diet with whole grains like oats, multi grain bread, wheat porridge, whole lentils etc. as they contain a lot of fibre and roughage. It prevents constipation and helps to manage gestational diabetes effectively.
Along with a suitable diet plan, it is very important to stay active during pregnancy to keep gestational diabetes in check. Walking is the safest and the best exercise that you can indulge in.
Take at least half an hour walk morning and evening to burn sugar and to maintain gestational diabetes. Consult your doctor for any other form of exercises that are safe during pregnancy and follow a regular regime.
Eat Less Carbohydrates
Keep a watch on your carbohydrate intake. Carbohydrates in your food are transformed into glucose that is essential to maintain the energy level in the body. You should not cut down on carbohydrates completely since the baby needs carbohydrates to grow. Take small amounts of healthy carbohydrates combined with proteins and a little fat to treat gestational diabetes.
Avoid Saturated Fats
Fat consumption is necessary during pregnancy, but you should avoid unhealthy saturated fats and Trans fats. Avoid high fat and deep fried foods to maintain healthy weight and to manage gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Eat Smaller Meals
Divide your meals in 4-6 smaller meals instead of eating 3 large meals during the day. Eating at short intervals will keep gestational diabetes in check and you will be able to maintain your energy level. Take 3 main courses along with 3 -4 in between snacks.
Opt for protein rich snacks, roasted almonds, rice flakes, puffed rice and fruits. Eating a bed time snack low in protein and rich with healthy carbohydrates will help you to enjoy a sound sleep.
Eat More Fibre
Increase the amount of fibre in your diet. Eat more of fresh fruits like orange, pineapple, apple, water melon, guava etc. Eat spinach, cabbage, fenugreek, broccoli, carrots etc. to control gestational diabetes. You should eat healthy low calorie food to prevent excess weight gain during pregnancy.