There is a small opening in the diaphragm which allows the food pipe to pass through this organ. The food pipe then reaches the stomach of the human body. In some cases, a portion of the stomach makes its way into the diaphragm through this tiny opening. Such a condition is known as hiatal hernia.
When this happens, the diaphragm is not able to function properly and the lungs are also affected due to the fact that they cannot expand and contract fully. In minor cases, the herniated portion of the stomach might not interfere with the functioning of the respiratory system. However, it the hernia is a huge one, the person might experience severe discomfort and this might require the use of surgery as well.
A hiatal hernia diet is quite similar to diets for GERD and peptic ulcers because the symptoms of the conditions each involve heartburn. Excess stomach acid can lead to discomfort. Guidelines for these conditions typically require restricting certain types of foods including.
Signs of hiatal hernia
- Pain in the chest
Effective Diet For Hiatal Hernia
Avoid Certain Acidic Beverages
Beverages which are carbonated must be avoided by people who suffer from this condition. Such drinks cause acidity and burning. This aggravates the condition of the patient and triggersacid reflux. It is important to refrain from consuming such drinks as far as possible.
Coffee and tea are also bad in such cases as they cause severe acidity in the body. The consumption of alcoholic drinks must also be avoided as such drinks have a devastating effect on the digestive system. They cause inflammations and infections in the digestive system and this causes the hernia to increase in size.
Fruits and vegetables
Fruits that are rich in antioxidants, such as blueberries, cherries, and apricots, can help reduce symptoms of indigestion. Antioxidant-rich vegetables, such as carrots, red bell peppers, and broccoli are excellent choices as well.
Consume Foods Made with Whole Grains
Whole grains are ideal for such people as they help to prevent the hernia from growing bigger. Oats are ideal for such people. Rice and wheat are also good and must be consumed on a regular basis. Bread containing mixed grains must also be included in the diet of the patient as it is very good for the health of the stomach.
Smaller Portion Sizes of Food
Those who suffer from hiatal hernias must make sure to consume food in small amounts. This does not put pressure on the portion of the stomach which is herniated. The affected person can have about six small meals on a daily basis instead of fewer large meals. This helps to prevent indigestion and nausea. It also helps to prevent the growth of the hiatal hernia.
Oils and grains
Healthy fats, such as extra virgin olive oil and safflower oil, are better alternatives to trans fats. Fiber is a necessary part of the hiatal hernia diet, so be sure to include plenty of whole grains in your meals. Brown rice, whole-grain pasta, rye bread, and quinoa are all excellent options. If you prefer, substitute these options with gluten-free alternatives.