Different Types Of Heart Doctors

Different Types Of Heart Doctors


Heart is an organ vital to our existence. Its elaborate structure comprises of many intricate parts like valves, nerves, muscles, arteries, veins, auricle, and ventricle chambers. Even a simple defect in any of these parts requires immediate medical attention.

For a part of the body that is as important as the heart, there are many different kinds of heart doctors that can deal with problems concerning the muscle itself, the rhythm of the heart, and the circulatory system that it is involved with. However, for people who are unfamiliar with the different kinds of heart doctors, here is information on who they are and what they do

Cardiologist

A cardiologist is the one who is responsible for looking after various types of heart disorders related to blood vessels or heart attack and blockages. If you experience some glitch in the proper functioning of heart, a cardiologist is the first person that you are referred to.

The disorders treated by him include angina pectoris (breast pain), carotid artery, aortic valve problems including aortic stenosis (less flow of blood due to narrowing of aortic valve), aortic replacement etc. A cardiologist utilises a halter monitor that records the electric impulses of heart and brain. He also inserts a coronary catheter within heart’s chamber in order to do proper investigation of the organ.

Interventional Cardiologist

This heart specialist deals in procedures involving catheterization i.e, insertion of a plastic sheath into the femoral artery. He mainly deals with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular procedures. He adopts minimal invasion techniques so that almost no scars are left after operation.

Problems like angioplasty (treatment of plaques in coronary arteries), congenital heart disorder (correcting the defects of arterial and ventricular septal), cardiac ablation (treating abnormal electric impulses-low or fast heartbeats), valvuloplasty (dilation of heart valves), and Thombectomy (removing blood clots from coronary arteries) are looked after by an interventional cardiologist.

He operates by inserting stents inside arteries so that the blood flow through them is uninterrupted. Besides, they also work on procedures like atherectomy, i.e. cutting of the plaque by means of blades and embolic protection which is used for collecting the plaque onto filters.

Vascular Surgeon

Such a surgeon practices procedures that involve minimal invasive surgeries for treating ailments related to veins and arteries linked to heart but lying outside it.

He deals with ischemia (restricted blockage in blood vessels resulting in damaged tissues of the organ), Aneurysm (formation of a balloon like structure with in a blood vessel causing the muscles to weaken), deep vein thrombosis (formation of a clot or inflammation in some deeply seated vein), Thrombophlebitis (formation of a thrombus in vein), varicose veins (inability of valve leaflets to stop the backward blood flow, resulting in abnormal enlargement of veins).

Electro physiologist:

This type of heart doctor has a very specific area of the heart, and that is the way that the heart beats. In order to circulate blood through the body properly, the heart has to beat in a special way. There are tests that the electro physiologist has to run to determine what is going on, and if a procedure needs to be done, this doctor can do it.
Such a surgeon is responsible for carrying out the elaborate surgeries g heart as well as great vessels. He has to undergo a comprehensive training of more than 5 years in order to master over his field of expertise. He operates on conditions like congenial heart defects, bypass grafting of coronary artery, and heat transplantation. Open heart surgeries, beating-heart surgeries, and minimal invasive surgeries are done by a cardiac surgeon. He also repairs defective valves of patients and has to work in close association with a cardiologist.

General Cardiologist

A cardiologist treats a wide range of problems that affect the heart and blood vessels. When someone is dealing with a medical issue that involves the heart, a cardiologist is generally the first stop. If the heart issue requires specialized treatment, the cardiologist will refer the patient on to a type of cardiologist who specializes in the necessary procedure.

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