Minor burns are those that damage only the top layers of the skin, making the area red and painful. They are often referred to as first-degree burns or superficial burns. They can be caused by contact with hot fluids or objects, steam, or sun exposure.
Everyone has felt the pain of burns at some point of time in her/his life. Burns are caused due to various factors, like exposure to heat, exposure to harsh sun rays, due to spilling of hot oil or some other liquid and it could be due to exposure to acid or chemicals.
Minor scalding, burning your hand by touching a hot vessel or getting a sun burn due to exposure in harsh sun rays can be easily treated at home with natural methods. But more serious injuries need urgent medical attention.
The severity of burn is divided in three categories, namely first degree burns, second degree burns and third degree burns. In first degree burns, normally the top layer of the skin gets affected. The inflammation causes redness, swelling and sometimes blisters on the skin.
It generally takes 5-6 days to heal. You can treat first degree burns with home remedies for immediate relief. Home remedies for burns are especially handy for treating young kids.
Home Remedies for Burns
A treatment used by countless individuals for years, vinegar has the potential to offer immediate relief. For treatment, just soak a cotton ball in white vinegar and apply to the burn. You might also do a compress soaked in vinegar and water. Working as an astringent and antiseptic, vinegar helps prevent infection by killing potential pathogens and helps burns to heal faster .
Water is most handy and effective remedy for burns. It brings down the temperature of the burnt area and it brings instant relief. Put chilled water or apply ice cube immediately on the area till burning sensation is stopped.
Lavender Essential Oil
Even used in some hospitals for burns, lavender essential oil is often recommended for both pain relief and to expedite the healing process. For treatment, you can either pour lavender oil onto a gauze or clean cloth and apply it (replacing the gauze every few hours), or you can spray the area with therapeutic grade lavender oil after exposing the burn to some cold water. Lavender has antibiotic, painkilling, and natural healing properties.
Apply a poultice of potato pulp on the burnt area. It will help to heal the burn. To treat sun burns, extract the juice of potato and apply on affected areas. It also removes scars caused by sun burn and lightens the skin tone as well.
To treat a burn that is caused by fire, mash a banana and apply the pulp on the area. Banana has a cooling effect and it helps to prevent blisters.
Aloe Vera is a natural healer and it is an excellent home remedy for burns. Extract thegel of Aloe Vera leaf and apply it on burn till it is healed.
Honey has antiseptic properties. It prevents infection and it fastens the healing process. Apply honey after washing the burn under cold water.
As minor burns heal, they can become itchy. A good way to relieve the itch is by putting this breakfast cereal into the tub. Crumble 1 cup uncooked oatmeal into a bath of lukewarm water as the tub is filling. Soak 15 to 20 minutes and then air dry so that a thin coating of oatmeal remains on your skin. Use caution getting in and out of the tub since the oatmeal makes surfaces slippery.
Basil is a wonder herb. It is anti bacterial and antiseptic and an excellent remedy for treating all kinds of burns. Take 50 ml. basil juice, 50 ml. coconut oil and heat till the moisture dries up. Add 5 grams of paraffin wax in hot oil. Cool the mixture and store it in a jar. Apply on the burns till they are completely healed.
Toothpaste is always available at home. It is one of the most effective home remedies for burns. Apply the paste on the burn for instant relief. The peppermint in toothpaste helps to cool down the heat and prevents blisters.